Hybrid Strains

cannabis marijuana medicinal bud, close-upAs with other plants, cannabis breeding can aim for a pure stock or hybrid mixture. With the industry becoming more commercialized, pure strains and hybrid strains are being continually mixed together and then remixed again.

With hybrid cannabis strains, breeders try to customize the plant to capture particular traits and characteristics customarily found in indica and sativa strains. The best hybrids feature the best qualities of their “parent” strains, which they have inherited.

The thousands of strains available today are the result of several decades of cross-breeding old and new genetics into these hybrid strains. What exactly are “hybrids”?

What are the hybrid types of cannabis?

Hybrid cannabis strains include varieties like Blue Dream, Jilly Bean, Dutch Treat, and Banana Kush. They are mix — a hybrid — of the other two main classes of cannabis, “indica” and “sativa”. Hybrids frequently provide a more balanced combination of indica and sativa’s effects. The names “hybrid”, “indica”, and “sativa” are all part of the vast vocabulary of cannabis which predates modern chemical analyses of the plant. While these terms do not often reflect the whole picture, they continue to be useful both to growers and consumers of marijuana.

Different effects of cannabis hybrids

Consuming different types of cannabis can result in vastly different effects.

Example one: indicas are generally considered more sedative. On the other hand, sativas are categorized as daytime strains, because they are known for providing an uplifting and energetic “head” high. It is important to note that cannabis plant’s strain doesn’t necessarily dictate its chemical makeup.

Therefore, since hybrids are a mix of sativa and indica, they can provide both mind and body effects. Most strains are hybrids; there are very few pure indicas and sativas due to worldwide breeding programs.

What’s the science behind these hybrid strains?

Unlike alcohol — in which the active ingredient is a single molecule, known as ethanol — cannabis has dozens of active molecules, called cannabinoids and terpenes.

Each breed of cannabis may have different ratios of these molecules, which work together to create cannabis’ diverse effects. A plant’s genes control its expression of its active molecules. In addition, the way the plant is grown, harvested and stored can affect the overall chemical composition of the plant.

Scientific lab analysis confirms that major strains like Jack Herer or OG Kush have a definitive chemical fingerprint (known as a chemotype) that is thought to be responsible for its effects.

What about the labels: “sativa-dominant” or “indica-dominant”?

Hybrids may be either indica- or sativa-dominant, meaning they will express the characteristics of the dominant parent with less character­istics of the other. For example, an indica-dominant hybrid will most likely affect the body and offer more sedating effects. A sativa-dominant-hybrid like Super Lemon Haze will lean toward stimulating sativa effects.

On the other hand, a hybrid can also be a “true” hybrid, meaning that it is an even mix of both strains. Blue Dream is considered a true hybrid, balancing the indica sedation of the parent Blueberry with the sativa energy of Haze.

Are hybrids a good choice for medical marijuana patients?

Everyone’s personal chemical makeup is different, and learning how cannabis affects you may be a trial and error process. Hybrids are an excellent choice for medical marijuana patients who will be using the product regularly and desire the “balanced” effects they can tolerate all day long.

What are the most common types of hybrids on the market?

Kush strains are perhaps the most common hybrid variety available today. The legendary indica-dominant hybrid OG Kush strain originated in Southern California in the mid-1990s. The genetics of this hybrid are widely debated but its popularity is undeniable.

Older hybrids like Diesels and Skunks are proof positive of the value of experimenting and crossbreeding plants and are now used as the cornerstone in some of the most popular hybrids being developed and grown today. Newer hybrids like Blue Dream, Cookies, and GG4 have become some of the most versa­tile strains available today—appealing to both indica and sativa-lovers alike.

A Leader in Ensuring Hybrid Cannabis Quality & Safety

Modern Canna Science is the pre-eminent medical marijuana testing facility in the State of Florida. Founded in 2014, MCS is regarded as Florida’s first marijuana testing laboratory. We work with licensed Medical Marijuana Treatment Centers (MMTC’s) to ensure that medical cannabis and low-THC cannabis products are free from biological and chemical contaminants. We can also determine cannabinoid and terpenoid profiles for each harvest of raw cannabis flower or the derivative medications created from them. If you are a patient, physician, distributor or grower seeking more information regarding hybrid cannabis in Florida, please contact us today.